Swiss Machining/Laser Cutting

Swiss machining precision combined with laser cutting

Laser/Swiss cutting of stainless steel and nitinol tubing has become one NLE’s core offerings. Our fiber laser/Swiss systems are capable of both two- and four-axis cutting on tubing up to 0.80 in diameter. Features can be machined and laser cut in the same process, with accuracy and repeatability of better than ±0.001.

The Laser Cutting Process

The laser cutting process has undergone significant changes with the advent of the fiber laser power supply, but the overall process remains the same. Laser energy is focused down to a small spot size (less than .001 inch) through the opening in a high-flow gas nozzle.

As the laser energy melts the tube wall, argon or oxygen assist gas ejects the melted material from the lased area, creating a precise “slot” with relatively smooth walls. At NLE, the typical slot or “kerf” size is 0.001 or less, making very precise features possible. In some cases water is pumped through the tube during the cutting process, keeping the heat affected zone to a minimum and preventing ejected material from adhering to the opposite inner wall of the tube.

Most standard laser tube cutting systems employ a two axis of motion system. By the use of “feed” and rotation, almost any typical feature (as well as precise cut-off) can be cut into the tube wall.

This type of system is relatively fast, accurate and applicable to the majority of tube cutting applications. The only compromise with a two-axis system is that all cuts are performed with the axis of the laser beam always pointed directly at the centerline of the tube. As a result, any features cut into the tube will have a tapered wall on all cuts that are not circumferential. It is generally accepted that features will be measured at the inner diameter of the tube, since they will always be slightly smaller than at the outer diameter.

By adding a third (perpendicular to the tube axis) and fourth axis (z-stage of the cutting head), it becomes possible to cut “off-axis” of the tube, maintaining dimensional accuracy throughout the entire tube wall, and enabling the incorporation of more complex geometric features. Four axis cutting can be somewhat more time consuming but is becoming more prevalent as designs become more complicated.

In addition to four-axis systems, NLE has taken this a step further and currently has multiple “Swiss/Laser” systems, which are capable of laser cutting and machining in the same operation. These systems provide unmatched value as they can produce complete components and avoid secondary operations.

Our goal is to be your preferred source by delivering a superior level of quality, value and customer interaction.

Find out more about NLE’s Laser Cutting Services

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